Rheumatic heart disease is permanent damage to the heart following Rheumatic Fever.
Rheumatic Heart Disease can lead to heart failure and sometimes the need for cardiac surgery. A case of rheumatic fever can cause the heart to inflame and leave permanent damage to the heart, specifically the heart valves.
A heart valve acts like a one-way door. It makes sure that blood pumped by the heart flows in one direction. When the heart is damaged, the heart valves are unable to function adequately. The heart has 4 sections, they are like ‘rooms’, also called chambers. the heart valves are the ‘doors’ that stop the blood from flowing the wrong way.